Climate change is one of the most alarming environmental issues that the world faces today. Global warming has caused extreme climate situations in the previous few decades, such as warmth waves, droughts, floods, etc. According to a World Bank report, nearly 70% of the population uncovered to flood hazards in South and East Asia.
The impacts of climate change are particularly serious concerns in Pakistan, a developing country in South Asia. With a population of over 230 million people, the country is facing critical environmental, economic, and social issues due to climate change.
In this blog, We examine the causes, effects, and possible consequences of climate change in Pakistan. Additionally, We give some methods for reducing the impacts of climate change and preparing for them.
Damage Caused by Floods
The floods affected the lives of 33 million people. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) said that there were 1,000 casualties till 28th August, and 119 people were dead.809,000 hectares of land, 3,451 kilometers of roads, and nearly 1 million houses fell down. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has assessed the damages and issued a detailed report. Baluchistan and Sindh were also under floods. In 23 districts, 304,475 and 2.8 million acres of crops, and around 500,000 and 202,593 farm animals perished in Baluchistan and Sindh, respectively.
How to Provide Shelter to Flood Affectees
Around 1 million houses in entire regions fell down The government has prioritized imparting safe places to the displaced communities. A powerful approach is building bamboo shelters. These were built in 2010. A Pakistani woman architect Yasmeen Lari come up with the concept of a zero-carbon, zero-waste, and low-value and water-evidence structure. These shelters include bamboo, mud, lime, and on-web page debris. Humans can stay 7 to 8 ft above the floor and are a feasible shelter in floods. These bamboo shelters were used in the floods of 2012 and 2013. The raw material is easy to access and assemble. The government must focus on these easy-to-build houses in this time of urgency.
Climate Change in Pakistan and Flood Risks
There is evidence that one of the main reasons for floods is climate change. Climatologists consider that the emissions of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide and methane, will intensify climate change and its impacts. the capacity of the earth to chill itself, radiating greater power into space. This increases the temperature on land and enhances the risk of droughts and floods.
Also, the severe temperatures cause more precipitation, because of which the air might be capable of preserving greater moisture. In Pakistan monsoon season witness more rainfall. In August, Pakistan witnessed 166 m of rainfall.
How is Climate Change Affecting Agriculture in Pakistan?
Pakistan’s agriculture is being impacted by climate change, which is changing precipitation patterns and increasing the frequency and intensity of severe thunderstorms. The country is experiencing more frequent and severe droughts and floods, which are negatively impacted crop yields. Droughts are causing water shortages, reducing soil moisture, and harming crop growth, while floods are washing away crops and damaging soil fertility.
What to Expect in the Future?
As the worldwide temperature rises, extreme climate situations like floods, storms, droughts, etc., will target regions like South and East Asia. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the region we’re residing in is presently experiencing a temperature boom of around 1.1 C. This could have greater drastic effects, along with more floods and droughts in entire sector regions.
In conclusion, Pakistan is suffering from severe and comprehensive effects of climate change.. The effects of climate change are causing damage to the country’s environment, economy, and way of life through melting glaciers, increasing sea levels, poor weather, and biodiversity loss.
There are many methods to minimize the hazard of floods.
- The implementation of sustainable forestry practices
- The implementation of flood protection measures
- The development of more dams
- The setup of greater dewatering pumps and garage tanks
- The execution of greater green flood caution mechanisms.
- Besides, national governments should sit together and plan for the common threat. By producing a comprehensive policy, the impacts of climate change can be curtailed.
The projects of built-in an environment-friendly manner so that in case any natural disaster hits Pakistan in the future, our habitats are safe from natural calamities. We have seen that the catastrophic floods in Pakistan have destroyed many villages in Pakistan, and millions of people have been displaced. Therefore housing societies must be built in such a manner that they remain the same from natural disasters. However, the Town One Housing Society has been built as environment-friendly. Society has been constructed using modern techniques that make it resistant to natural disasters.
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